Structural Biomaterials: Third Edition (Julian Vincent)

From the website, which also includes a Table of Contents:

This is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition of a classic illustrated introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technolog---from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Julian Vincent's book has long been recognized as a standard work on the engineering design of biomaterials and is used by undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals studying biology, zoology, engineering, and biologically inspired design. This third edition incorporates new developments in the field, the most important of which have been at the molecular level. All of the illustrations have been redrawn, the references have been updated, and a new chapter on biomimetic design has been added.

Vincent emphasizes the mechanical properties of structural biomaterials, their contribution to the lives of organisms, and how these materials differ from man-made ones. He shows how the properties of biomaterials are derived from their chemistry and interactions, and how to measure them. Starting with proteins and polysaccharides, he shows how skin and hair function, how materials self-assemble, and how ceramics such as bone and mother-of-pearl can be so stiff and tough, despite being made in water in benign ambient conditions. Finally, he combines these topics with an analysis of how the design of biomaterials can be adapted in technology, and presents a series of guidelines for designers. 

  • An accessible illustrated introduction with minimal technical jargon
  • Suitable for undergraduates and more advanced readers
  • Integrates chemistry, mechanics, and biology
  • Includes descriptions of all biological materials
  • Simple exposition of mechanical analysis of materials

Julian posted the following on the Biomimetics mailing list:

There's a substantial last chapter on biomimetics, which Steve Vogel was kind enough to label "uncommonly sensible" (praise indeed!). The book has been largely rewritten and brought up to date, which means that there's much more emphasis on molecular structure. And the figures have all been redrawn, and there are about 350 references (I downloaded and read over 1000 papers while writing the book!)

Steven Vogel's" endorsement:

"With this revision, this book should continue its thirty-year role as a unique resource. No other so squarely faces the mechanical interrelationships between structure and the functions of the materials of which we--and all other life--are made. The new edition adds a much-enriched set of references and an uncommonly sensible chapter on biomimetics."--Steven Vogel, professor emeritus, Duke University




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nhoeller's picture

Comment from Julian Vincent

From the Biomimetics mailing list:

It was an interesting exercise to write (or rather, revise in depth) a book after 20 years. What had changed (apart from me)? Well, lots of stuff on molecular conformations and their mechanical implications, quite a bit on nanotesting of one sort and another, a fair amount on computer modelling. Strangely the topics which hadn't moved very much were the calcified materials - bone, especially. I made some enquiries about this and it was confirmed.

Bone hasn't moved much in over 20 years. Nor, for that matter, has mollusc shell. Perhaps the advance is coming with the realisation, which may apply to all biological ceramics, that the matrix isn't a glue - it's a lubricant. Perhaps not throughout the entire volume of the material, but certainly a significant contribution, allowing global strain to double. Strain is then (probably) limited by internal 'imperfections' (i.e. bits which snuggle up to each other in a decidedly non-Cartesian manner) which lock up. Barthelat has shown this in nacre, and bone shows similar behaviour although it hasn't been analysed to the same degree. Which of course ties in with the production of matrix ligaments across the fracture sites. The idea is developed in H. D. Espinosa, J. E. Rim, F. Barthelat and M. J. Buehler, (2009). Merger of structure and material in nacre and bone: Perspectives on de novo biomimetic materials. Progress in Materials Science, 54: 1059-1100.

I know that's a few years ago now, but who is applying these ideas in technical composites?

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